Lithops – (Živi kamen)

Lithops Ovaj sukulent potječe iz sjeverne Afrike gdje se prilagodio ekstremnoj suši i vrućini. Na podneblju gdje kiša ne pada mjesecima ova biljka je razvila sposobnost da zadrži vodu u paru listića.Listovi koji toliko nabubre da izgledaju poput okruglih kamenčića prilagođavajući svoju boju okolnom kamenju i zemlji. Tako se, manje uočljivi životinjama uspjevaju izboriti za svoj opstanak.

Veći broj vrsta lithopsa cvjeta tokom jeseni i rane zime. Cvijet je obično bijele ili žute boje i trajeLithops oko 10 dana. Gnojivo je potrebno dodati nakon cvatnje i u petom mjesecu.Zimi trebaju proći fazu mirovanja odnosno suše tako da novi par listića crpi vodu iz tijela starih listića. U tom periodu treba zaliti tek toliko da se korjen održi na životu. Krajem zime kada se formiraju novi između starih listova ovi postaju plosnati i smežurani, neki pucaju od pritiska novih listića i naposljetku se isuše. Ovo je sasvim normalan tijek događaja dok izrastaju novi listići.

U ljetnom periodu kad se lithops razvija zalijevati redovito u smislu da spriječite smežuran izgled i pretjerano suhuLithops zemlju. Ova biljka u prirodi pokazuje još jednu sposobnost svaki put kada padne kiša otvarajući svoju kapsulu izbacuje par sjemenki omogućujući rast nove biljke. Zemlja treba biti propusna i siromašna. Voli osvjetljeno mjesto. Pretjerano zalijevanje ili premalo svjetla može uzrokovati dijeljenje kaktusa. Jedina solucija je pažljivo, oštrim nožem odstraniti vanjski, stariji list odmah iznad površine zemlje. Izgledat će grozno dok ne izraste novi ali bez nužnog “zahvata” izgledao bi sve gore i gore.

Mladi lithopsi promjera do 15mm traže redovito umjereno zalijevanje i osjetljiviji su na jako sunce.

Lithopsi mogu trajati i preko 100 godina.

Lithops



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